• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Acaulospora morrowiae Spain & N.C. Schenck

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Scientific name
Acaulospora morrowiae
Author
Spain & N.C. Schenck
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Unknown
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Glomeromycota
Class
Glomeromycetes
Order
Diversisporales
Family
Acaulosporaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Joana Veras
Comments etc.
Leonor Maia, Joana Veras

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Spores of this species have a globose to subglobose shape, occasionally irregular. The size ranges from 60-90 µm, with a scar indicating the region of contact between the spore and the saccular neck during spore synthesis


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

This species has being found in different ecosystems of many countries and I suggest its classification as LC.


Geographic range

This species has been found in different continents and countries
such as: Brasil, Colômbia, Indonésia, México, Polônia, and Taiwan.
This species is commonly found in Brazil, occurring in different
states, such as Alagoas, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Santa Catarina, São Paulo,
and Tocantins.


Population and Trends

Despite the low occurrence (32 records) for the world, at least in Brazil this
species is common.

Population Trend: Improving


Habitat and Ecology

The species was first described in Colombia and it has being found also in sugar cane plantations, in México, forests and maritime and inland dunes in Poland, and in different forest ecosystems, such as Lowland evergreen rainforest, Semi-evergreen
rainforest, Dry forest, Lower montane forest,
Mangrove, even in Anthropogenic sites (Agrosystems and Desertification).

Subtropical/Tropical Dry ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestDry Savanna

Threats

Because they are mandatory biotrophic, these fungi do not reproduce in the absence of the host plant. Thus, the threats related to the host (plant) and the soil, consequently influence the community of these fungi.

Housing & urban areasAgro-industry farmingMining & quarrying

Conservation Actions

Despite the ecological importance, there are still no conservation actions for this group. As a conservation action, we highlight the preservation of the different environments and the control of anthropic disturbance over it.

Resource & habitat protectionSpecies recovery

Research needed

tudies on the ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are still insufficient. Thus, research related to their life strategy and ecology, could help us to understand and resolve threats to this group.

Population size, distribution & trendsThreatsSpecies Action/Recovery Plan

Use and Trade


Bibliography

WINAGRASKI, Etienne et al. DIVERSITY OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF BRAZIL: A REVIEW. Cerne, v. 25, n. 1, p. 25-35, 2019.
GOMIDE, Plínio Henrique Oliveira et al. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in vegetation types in the Pantanal of Nhecolândia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 38, n. 4, p. 1114-1127, 2014.
MAIA, Leonor Costa et al. Species diversity of Glomeromycota in Brazilian biomes. Sydowia, v. 72, p. 181-205, 2020.


Country occurrence

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted