• Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Auricularia brasiliana Y.C. Dai & F. Wu

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Scientific name
Auricularia brasiliana
Author
Y.C. Dai & F. Wu
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Auriculariales
Family
Auriculariaceae
Assessment status
Proposed
Proposed by
Renato Lúcio Alvarenga
Comments etc.
Renato Lúcio Alvarenga, Tatiana Gibertoni

Assessment Notes

Taxonomic notes

Auricularia brasiliana was segregated from the complex A. mesenterica (currently restricted to Europe) and is characterised by resupinate to effused-reflexed basidiomata, gelatinous when fresh, solitary, or caespitose, pileus free lobed, margin undulate, upper surface usually tomentum, distinctly and concentrically zoned with wide whitish zones and thin black bands; hymenophore surface venose with folds, greyish brown to vinaceous brow when fresh and dark greyish blue to blackish blue when dry. It differs from other similar species (A. mesenterica and A. orientalis) by inflated hyphae up to 13 μm in diam. in KOH, shorter basidia 30–47×3–5 μm (Wu et al. 2015).


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?


Geographic range

The species in known only in Brazil. The records in China are from Brazilian material. In SpecieLink, there are about 193 records being 21 as A.brasiliana and 109 as A. mesenterica.


Population and Trends

There are about 200 records in Brazil, either as A. brasiliana or as A. mesenterica.

Population Trend: Decreasing


Habitat and Ecology

The species is found in Amazon Forest, Atlantic Forest, Cerrado and Caatinga.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestMoist Savana

Threats

In Brazil, this species is moslty recorded in the Atlantic Forest, a hotspot. Also, Amazon has currently the highest rates of deforestation in the last decades, Cerrado is also a hotspot and Caatinga is threatened with desertification.

Housing & urban areasAgro-industry farmingHabitat shifting & alteration

Conservation Actions

Most records in Brazil are in protected areas.

Site/area protectionResource & habitat protectionSite/area management

Research needed

The species even occurring in all biomes has a fragmented distribution. Studies about its population distribution are needed.

TaxonomyPopulation size, distribution & trendsPopulation trends

Use and Trade

None

Unknown

Bibliography


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted