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Chlorovibrissea chilensis Sand.-Leiva, A.I. Romero & P.R. Johnst.

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Scientific name
Chlorovibrissea chilensis
Author
Sand.-Leiva, A.I. Romero & P.R. Johnst.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Cup-fungi, Truffles and Allies
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Leotiomycetes
Order
Helotiales
Family
Vibrisseaceae
Assessment status
Published
Assessment date
2020-03-31
IUCN Red List Category
EN
IUCN Red List Criteria
C2a(ii)
Assessors
Calle, A., Drechsler-Santos, E.R., Kossmann, T., da Cunha, K.M., Sandoval-Leiva, P. & Vasco-Palacios, A.M.
Reviewers
Minter, D.

Assessment Notes

The content on this page is fetched from The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/172817937/172861287

Justification

Chlorovibrissea chilensis is currently known from only one site, but likely occurs in other Nothofagus nitida forests along the Chilean south coast. These forests are under threat due to human activity and changes in precipitation due to climate change. It has an estimated total population size of between 250 and 500 mature individuals, which is thought to be in decline. Therefore, it is listed as Endangered.

Geographic range

This species is known from one locality in Aisén Province, southern Chile, close to the mouth of the Cuervo River, Aisén Fjord (45 20’ 59.79”S, 73 2’ 55.09” W) (Sandoval-Leiva et al. 2014).

Population and Trends

It is only known from its type locality in the evergreen Aysén forest close to the mouth of the Cuervo river, Aysén Fjord, southern Chile. Chlorovibrissea chilensis has only been recorded from one decaying, very wet trunk of an unidentified tree. There were 50 ascomata on that tree trunk. 

The species has not been found at other sites even though many areas of Chilean Nothofagus forest have been intensively surveyed, but the species is small with low detectability. It could be that it is restricted to Nothofagus nitida forests which mostly occur along the coast. It is estimated that there are 5 - 10 individuals per site and up to 50 sites along the coast with suitable habitat, giving an estimated total number of mature individuals of between 250 and 500.

Population Trend: decreasing


Habitat and Ecology

The species was found growing on an water saturated trunk in a mixed forest of mainly Nothofagus nitida and Laureliopsis philippiana. According to Gajardo (1994) it is within the region of evergreen forest and Sphagnum bogs, and is classified in the Koeppen’s classification system (Kottek et al. 2006) as having a humid, warm-temperate climate with a high, evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year (over 30,00 mm/y in nearby Puerto Chacabuco).

Threats

Coastal Nothofagus nitida forests are threatened by wood extraction, anthropogenic activities, including grazing by cattle, and fire. Also, a change in climate dynamics in the rainforests of the southern hemisphere has occurred, whereby the hydrological balance has changed, with annual precipitation having decreased by about 40% in the last century (time period 1901–2005) and summer rainfall is expected to decrease up to 50% more in the upcoming century (Gutierrez 2014). This could potentially impact the species too.

Conservation Actions

Habitat protection would benefit this species. Research is required in order to document the species' distribution and abundance, as well as its environmental requirements.

Use and Trade

No use or trade has been recorded.

Source and Citation

Calle, A., Drechsler-Santos, E.R., Kossmann, T., da Cunha, K.M., Sandoval-Leiva, P. & Vasco-Palacios, A.M. 2020. Chlorovibrissea chilensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T172817937A172861287. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T172817937A172861287.en .Accessed on 31 January 2022

Country occurrence