• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • Preliminary Assessed
  • LCAssessed
  • Published

Fomitiporia bambusarum (Rick) Camp.-Sant. & Decock

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Scientific name
Fomitiporia bambusarum
Author
(Rick) Camp.-Sant. & Decock
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Hymenochaetales
Family
Hymenochaetaceae
Assessment status
Published
Proposed by
E. Ricardo Drechsler-Santos
Assessors
Adriana Calle, E. Ricardo Drechsler-Santos, Thiago Kossmann, Kelmer Martins da Cunha, Pablo Sandoval-Leiva, Daniela Torres, Aída M. Vasco-Palacios
Editors
Gregory Mueller
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg, James Westrip
Reviewers
Gregory Mueller

Assessment Notes

Justification

Fomitiporia bambusarum is a saprobic fungus reported growing on bamboo from southern Brazil, northern Argentina through the Brazilian Amazon into the mountains of Colombia. Due to its extensive geographic range the species is considered as Least Concern. Additionally, as it grows on bamboos, some of which are increasing in area due to disturbance of native forests, the species population is likely increasing in at least parts of its range.


Taxonomic notes

Fomitiporia bambusarum (Rick) Campos-Santana & Decock, 2015 (≡ Poria bambusarum Rick, 1937, =Phellinus rickianus J.E. Wright & J.R. Deschamps 1984, ≡ Phellinus bambusarum (Rick) M.J.Larsen, 1990) is a new combination proposed by Campos-Santana et al. (2015). Fomitiporia bambusarum belongs to a bamboo-specific species complex, which includes F. sanctichampagnatii, F. spinescens, F. uncinata and Phellinus garuhapensis.


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

 


Geographic range

In southern Brazil it is currently known from states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná and São Paulo, and in northern Brazil it is known from state of Acre. It also occurs in the Atlantic Forest of Argentina, and the Andean forest of Colombia. It has a large Extent of Occurrence (EOO: 3,066,353.803 km2), due to the great distance between localities in Colombia, Brazil and Argentina. From the map of subpopulations, the core of the species occurrence is located in southern Brazil.


Population and Trends

The species has a total of 42 records, all located in South America, with most of them from Brazil. The species was first recorded in 1932, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, São Leopoldo. From 1932 to 2017 it was collected another 21 times in the same State. There are 18 records form other states in southern Brazil, plus one recorded occurrence in northern Brazil, one from Argentina (Coelho et al. 2009) and two from Colombia. The Argentinian locality and southern Brazil localities occur in one large subpopulation. The Colombian locality and the northern Brazil locality are considered as two distinct subpopulations due the large distance from each other. The known subpopulations were defined using the circular-buffer method with a scale of 1/10th maximum inter-point distance (Rivers et al. 2010). Additionally, the species is predicted to be widespread in the Brazilian Amazon region where there are bamboos. As it grows on bamboos, some of which are increasing in area due to disturbance of native forests, the species population is likely increasing in at least parts of its range. Because of the extensive area covered by the species, with it growing on bamboo from southern Brazil, northern Argentina through the Brazilian Amazon into the mountains of Colombia, the species is considered as Least Concern.

Population Trend: Improving


Habitat and Ecology

Fomitiporia bambusarum has only been reported growing on bamboos, occurring from the Atlantic Forest and Amazon in Brazil through to the Andean forests of Colombia.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland ForestSubtropical/Tropical Moist Montane Forest

Threats

Fomitiporia bambusarum is restricted to species of bamboo, and likely responds to changes in the occurrence and density of its host.

Unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)Increase in fire frequency/intensity

Conservation Actions


Research needed

More research is needed to understand and confirm its full distribution its ecology.

Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyThreats

Use and Trade

Is is not known if the species is used/traded.


Bibliography

Amigo, I. (2020) When will the Amazon hit a tipping point? Nature 578, 505-507. doi: 10.1038/d41586-020-00508-4

Brooks, T., Balmford, A. Atlantic forest extinctions. Nature 380, 115 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1038/380115a0

CAMPOS-SANTANA, Marisa de; ROBLEDO, Gerardo; DECOCK, Cony; SILVEIRA, Rosa Mara Borges da. Diversity of the Poroid Hymenochaetaceae (Basidiomycota) from the Atlantic Forest and Pampa in Southern Brazil. Cryptogamie, Mycologie, [s.l.], v. 36, n. 1, p.43-78, mar. 2015. Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. http://dx.doi.org/10.7872/crym.v36.iss1.2015.43.

Coelho, G., Silveira, R.M.B., Guerrero, R.T. and Rajchenberg, M. (2009). On poroid Hymenochaetales growing on bamboos in southern Brazil and NE Argentina. Fungal Diversity 36: 1-8.

FUNDAÇÃO SOS MATA ATL NTICA (São Paulo). Atlas dos Remanescentes Florestais da Mata Atlântica: Período 2017-2018. 2018. ed. São Paulo: Arcplan, 2018. 35 p.

GBIF (2020) Fomitiporia bambusarum occurrences. Available at: https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/search?offset=20&taxon_key=9703835. Acess in: 23 mar. 2020

Joly, C. A., Metzger, J. P. and Tabarelli, M. (2014). Experiences from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: ecological findings and conservation initiatives. New Phytologist, 204(3), 459–473. doi:10.1111/nph.12989

Myers, N., R. A. Mittermeier, C. G. Mittermeier, G. A. B. Fonseca & J. Kent. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853-858.

Pires, R. M. and Gugliotta, A. de M. Poroid Hymenochaetaceae (Basidiomycota) from Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Núcleo Santa Virgínia, São Paulo, Brazil. Rodriguésia, [s.l.], v. 67, n. 3, p.667-676, set. 2016. FapUNIFESP (SciELO). http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201667311.

Pinto, L., Bede, L., Paese, A., Fonseca, M., Paglia, A. and Lamas, I. (2006). Mata Atlântica brasileira: Os desafios para a conservação da biodiversidade de um hotspot mundial. In Biologia da conservação: Essências, Edition: 1, Publisher: Rima Editora, Editors: Rocha, C.F.D., Bergallo, H.G., Van Sluys, M. and Alves, M.A.S. pp.91-118

Rezende, C.l., Scarano, F.R., Assad, E.D., Joly, C.A., Metzger, J.P., Strassburg, B.B.N., Tabarelli, M., Fonseca, G.A. and Mittermeier, R.A. From hotspot to hopespot: An opportunity for the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Perspectives In Ecology And Conservation, [s.l.], v. 16, n. 4, p.208-214, out. 2018. Elsevier BV. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecon.2018.10.002.

Grelle, C. (2005). Predicting extinction of mammals in the Brazilian Amazon. Oryx. 39. 347 - 350. 10.1017/S0030605305000700.

Rivers, M.C., Bachman, S.P., Meagher, T.R., Lughanda, E.N., Brummitt, N.A. (2010) Subpopulations, locations and fragmentation: applying IUCN red list criteria to herbarium specimen data. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19(7), 2071–2085. doi:10.1007/s10531-010-9826-9

Tabarelli, M., Aguiar, A., Grillo, A. and Santos, A. (2006). Fragmentação e Perda de Habitats na Mata Atlântica ao Norte do Rio São Francisco. In Fragmentos de Mata Atlântica do Nordeste: Biodiversidade, Conservação e suas Bromélias, Edition: 1st, Chapter: Fragmentação e perda de habitat na floresta Atlântica ao norte do Rio São Francisco, Publisher: Andrea Jacobsson Estúdio Editorial, Editors: Filho, J.A. da S. and Leme, E.M.C. pp.80-99


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted