- Scientific name
- Deconica baylisiana
- (E. Horak) J.A. Cooper
- Common names
- IUCN Specialist Group
- Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
- Assessment status
- Assessment date
- IUCN Red List Category
- IUCN Red List Criteria
- Cooper, J.A.
- Mueller, G.M.
This species has a restricted population with an estimated 36-90 mature individuals. Taking a precautionary approach, it therefore qualifies as Critically Endangered under criterion D.
is a saprophytic secotioid (pouch) fungus endemic in southern New Zealand. It is the only such New Zealand species associated with upland/alpine grassland and is easily seen and recognised due to its bright colour in open habitat. The species is sequence barcoded and phylogenetically well characterised. Truffle-like species have been extensively surveyed in New Zealand for over 50 years.
This species has only been recorded from alpine southern South Island, and Stewart Island, New Zealand.
Population and Trends
The species is known from three records, of only a few sporocarps, in three sites over an 83 year period. We infer the presence of 3 genotypes, x 3 to account for unrecorded individuals at the known sites, x 2-5 to convert to mature individuals, giving 18-45 mature individuals present in the known sites. Considering this is a conspicuous fungus found in very specific habitats, a multiplier of 2 is considered appropriate to account for unknown sites, giving a total estimate of 36-90 mature individuals. Climate change will impact on populations.
Population Trend: decreasing
Habitat and Ecology
This is a conspicuous species associated with alpine/upland grasslands in southern New Zealand. Secotioid species do not have active spore dispersal and rely on animal vectors. The identity of the vector is unknown.
Forest truffle-like species are presumed to be dispersed by flightless birds like the extinct Moa and the threatened Kiwi and Kakapo. The identity of the vector for this upland species is unknown but is likely to be extinct or threatened. In addition, as an alpine species, it is likely to be negatively impacted by climate change. There are invasive feral animals present in the areas of its distribution, but it is unknown whether this is a threat to the species.
Both known sites of this species are within Protected Areas.
Research is needed on the identity of the spore dispersal vector and the impact of climate change.
Use and Trade
The species is not utilized.
Source and Citation
Cooper, J.A. 2019. Deconica baylisiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T154239294A154239311. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T154239294A154239311.en
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