• Proposed
  • Under Assessment
  • CRPreliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Austroboletus amazonicus A.M. Vasco-Pal. & C. López-Quint.

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Scientific name
Austroboletus amazonicus
Author
A.M. Vasco-Pal. & C. López-Quint.
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Basidiomycota
Class
Agaricomycetes
Order
Boletales
Family
Boletaceae
Assessment status
Preliminary Assessed
Preliminary Category
CR C2a(i)+D
Proposed by
TEHO Group
Assessors
TEHO Group
Contributors
Aida Vasco
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg

Assessment Status Notes

Taxonomic notes

Austroboletus amazonicus A.M. Vasco-Pal. & C. López-Quint. was described as new species by Vasco-P. et al. (2014). Mycologia, 106(5), 2014, pp. 1004–1014. DOI: 10.3852/13-324


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Austroboletus amazonicus is a distinctive species of macrofungus that has only been found in three localities (near Peña Roja, Puerto Santander and El Zafire) in the amazon región of Colombia, in
association with Pseudomonotes tropenbosii, which has a very restricted distribution and is known only from the amazon región of Colombia. Pseudomonotes is a monotypic genus endemic to the Colombian Amazon Basin. It contains a single species Pseudomonotes tropenbosii.
Only four patches of Pseudomonotes have been found and the largest patch does not occupy more than four hectáreas.
Molecular data (Vasco et al, 2014) showed the ectomicorrhizal association of Austroboletus amazonicus and Pseudomonotes tropenbosii.
Because of the area of occupancy of the host which is about 12 hectáreas this species is CR C2a(i)+D

 


Geographic range

Specimens of Austroboletus amazónicos have been collected in three sites of the amazon region: El Zafire Biological area, in the southern part
of the Colombian Amazon, 4°00’S, 69°53’W, 27 km north of Leticia in the Amazonas Department. The area was visited during the rainy season Mar 2011–Mar 2013. In the Caqueta Department it was found in two sites: the first is about 50 km downstream along the Rio Caqueta form Araracuara near Peña Roja, 00°34’S, 79°08’W, and the second is close to the village of Puerto Santander, 00°39’S, 72°23’W, both at 200–300 m. These two sites were regularly visit during 1998–2001 and 2010–2012 with several visits between 2001 and 2010.


Population and Trends

This species appears to be rare,  restricted to an endemic host with a very small range and it has been found in areas that are quite threatened as it has been observed near Peña Roja and Puerto Santander, which makes it likely that its population is declining.  In these two sites deforestation is a major issue, as well as mining and farming activities and loss of habitat in general (Forest 500 initiative). Only four populations of its host, Pseudomonotes tropenbosii, have been found and the biggest one has and extension of four hectareas.

Population Trend:


Habitat and Ecology

The species was described from two localities of the Colombian Amazon in forests in mycorrhuzal association with Pseudomonotes tropenbosii (Vasco et al., 2014). These areas are located in the southern part of the Colombian Amazon, where the temperature is approximately 26°C, and the relative humidity is about 86%. Mean monthly precipitation is 280 mm, with a drier period June-September and a rainy season October-May. Soils in this area are sandy and mainly composed by quarz. The elevation in these areas is 80-300 m.

Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland Forest

Threats

Habitat loss due to intensive mining and farming acivities..

Tourism & recreation areasAgriculture & aquacultureLivestock farming & ranchingMining & quarryingHunting & collecting terrestrial animals

Conservation Actions

No conservation actions are currently in place for this species. Protection of habitat needed.


Research needed

Continuing the exploration of the región is needed.

Population size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyHarvest, use & livelihoodsThreatsActionsConservation PlanningMonitoring

Bibliography

Vasco-Palacios, Aída Marcela., López-Quintero, Carlos., Franco-Molano, Ana Esperanza. Austroboletus amazonicus sp. nov. and Fistulinella campinaranae var. scroniculata, two commonly occurring boletes from a forest dominated by Pseudomonotes tropenbosii (Dipterocarpaceae) in Colombian Amazonia. 2014. Mycologia 106(5) 1004-1014.
Franco-Molano, Ana Esperanza., Vasco-Palacios, Aída Marcela., López-Quintero, Carlos Alberto., & Boekhout, Teun. 2005. Macrohongos de la Región del Medio Caquetá - Colombia. Grupo de Taxonomía y Ecología de Hongos Universidad de Antioquia.
Forest 500 http://forest500.org/forest-500/jurisdictions/colombia 
García-Romero, Helena. Deforestación en Colombia: Retos y Perspectivas. http://www.fedesarrollo.org.co/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/KAS-SOPLA_Deforestación-en-Colombia-retos-y-perspectivas.pdf
Newspaper article on deforestation. http://www.elespectador.com/noticias/medio-ambiente/colombia-entre-los-500-responsables-de-deforestacion-gl-articulo-543630
Castro-Herrera, Fernando., Valencia-Aguilar, Anyelet., Villaquirán-Martínez, Diego F.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted