• 1Proposed
  • 2Under Assessment
  • 3Preliminary Assessed
  • 4Assessed
  • 5Published

Enterographa caudata F. Seavey & J. Seavey

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Scientific name
Enterographa caudata
Author
F. Seavey & J. Seavey
Common names
 
IUCN Specialist Group
Lichens
Kingdom
Fungi
Phylum
Ascomycota
Class
Arthoniomycetes
Order
Arthoniales
Family
Roccellaceae
Assessment status
Pending
Proposed by
James Lendemer
Contributors
James Lendemer
Comments etc.
Anders Dahlberg

Assessment Status Notes

Taxonomic notes


Why suggested for a Global Red List Assessment?

Enterographa caudata (Common name: Surprise Splotches) is narrowly endemic to the Everglades of southern Florida in southeastern North America where it is imperiled by sea-level rise and other forces.


Geographic range

Enterographa caudata is narrowly restricted to the Everglades of southern Florida, an expansive tropical wetland system in southeastern North America.


Population and Trends

Demographic studies are needed to assess and monitor populations sizes. Our current knowledge of the species suggests that its populations are stable.

Population Trend: Stable


Habitat and Ecology

The species occurs on the bark of hardwood trees and shrubs in hardwood scrub zones in well-lit areas.

Subtropical/Tropical Swamp Forest

Threats

All known populations occur a region where there has been extensive conversion and alteration of habitats historically, particularly in nearby uplands which include densely populated urban and suburban centers. Although the known populations occur within a large national park the entire region is imperiled by sea-level rise and other habitat shifts related to sea-level rise. Additional potential threats to this species include pollution and invasive plants that may displace the existing native vegetation on which it occurs.

Natural system modificationsDams & water management/useInvasive non-native/alien species/diseasesPollutionDomestic & urban waste waterIndustrial & military effluentsAgricultural & forestry effluentsAir-borne pollutantsClimate change & severe weatherHabitat shifting & alterationTemperature extremesStorms & floodingOther impacts

Conservation Actions

There are many conservation actions that can be taken including, educating and training land managers and local botanists to identify the species so we can monitor its health, federally listing the species as endangered in the United States, improving air quality regulation, and monitoring changes associated with sea-level rise. Policy and legislation considering biodiversity threatened by sea-level rise is also needed.

Habitat & natural process restorationEducation & awarenessFormal educationTrainingAwareness & communicationsLaw & policyLegislationNational level

Research needed

Further research that will aid in the conservation of this species includes population assessments and monitoring, population genetics studies, and ecological studies that incorporate threats to the species. Additionally, a species recovery plan needs to be written.

ResearchPopulation size, distribution & trendsLife history & ecologyThreatsActionsConservation PlanningSpecies Action/Recovery PlanArea-based Management PlanMonitoringPopulation trendsHabitat trends

Bibliography

Seavey, F. & J. Seavey. 2014. New additions to the lichen genus Enterographa (Roccellaceae) from Everglades National Park including an updated world key. The Lichenologist 46(1): 83–93.


Known distribution - countries

Regional Population and Trends

Country Trend Redlisted